Early human beings practiced animism, the belief that everything, even trees or mountains or rivers, has a spirit and should be respected; they also practiced polytheism, a belief that there were many gods and goddesses controlling the world; some of these deities were loving and kind, while others were angry or judgmental. As with Greek gods and goddesses, ancient Egyptians hoped that the various deities would keep them safe, especially if they treated the god or goddess the right way, offering special chants or prayers, or performing certain rituals to express devotion. In Egypt, not only were there gods like Ra (the sun god) or Hathor (goddess of love); each family had a special deity, and it was believed this family god protected the members of that family.
Ancient Egyptian women had many legal rights compared to women of other ancient societies. They were also leaders, worshiped as Goddesses, and commanders of armies.
In the city-states of Ancient Greece, for example, a woman had to be represented by her father, brother, or husband in court, and couldn’t legally speak for herself. In the Roman Republic, a woman was legally subject to her husband’s power as head of household, with her rights subsumed by his. Ancient Egyptian women, however, had a legal status almost equal to men.
By the time Europeans invaded Egypt, North Africa, African spiritual concepts were being practiced 3 thousand years before Christ. The Council of Nicaea was a council of Christian bishops convened in Nicaea in Bithynia by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in AD 325. This first ecumenical council was the first effort to attain consensus in the church through an assembly representing all of Christendom. The European man had a male superiority complex so when Christianity was developed, they created a subservient role for woman to obey.
Download List of Egyptian Gods and Goddesses
Bible Verses About Women
“I permit no woman to teach or have authority over men; she is to keep silent.”
This is the most often quoted version of this passage, but in The King James Bible, it goes a little bit more like this…
“Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection.” which has been translated and taken as the primary passage that
doesn’t allow women to be preachers.
The whole section is really about women not being able to “malign the word of God” if they’re not allowed to speak.
“But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.”
(1 Corinthians 11:3 ASV)
“Let the women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but let them be in subjection, as also saith the law. And if they would learn anything, let them ask their own husbands at home: for it is shameful for a woman to speak in the church.”
(1 Corinthians 14:34, 35 ASV)
“But I permit not a woman to teach, nor to have dominion over a man, but to be in quietness.”
(1 Timothy 2:12 ASV)
“Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy pain and thy conception; in pain thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.”
(Genesis 3:16 ASV)
by John G. Jackson